The Old Man and the Sea is a classic American novel written by Ernest Hemingway, published in 1952. The novel was the last key work of fiction from Hemingway in his lifetime and is one of his most famous novels. It focuses on Santiago, who was an aging fisherman who fights with an enormous marlin far out in the Gulf Stream. The Old Man and the Sea won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953. It significantly influenced the decision to award Hemingway the Nobel Prize in Literature.